La tunisie Medicale - 2020 ; Vol 98 ( n°07 ) : 573-580
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Summary

Abstract

Introduction: We aimed to determine the prediction of cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension and diabetes using the 10-year Framingham score. Methods: We conducted a cross sectional study in two primary health care centers in Monastir. We included patients with at least one conventional cardiovascular factors. Prediction of cardiovascular event were expressed by median and inter quartile range.

Results: We included 409 patients. Age mean was 64 years (SD: 12.3), the sex ratio was 0.44. Patients with type 2 Diabetes were 278 (68%) and 295 had hypertension (72.1%). The global risk prediction at 10 years for cardiovascular diseases was 26.3%, It was 36.6% (26.4-46.8) for tobacco users, 29.7% (18.2-42.5) for patients with hypertension and 29.1 % (18.8-43.3) for those with diabetes. It increased significantly with the number of cardiovascular risk factors. The risk prediction for cardiovascular events, were significantly higher in men than in women (p < 0.01) and in non-controlled patients than in controlled patients (p <0.001). The risk prediction for cardiovascular diseases death was 3.6% (1.3-8.6).

Conclusion: Thirty percent of patients with hypertension or diabetes will develop cardiovascular diseases in 10 years. We suggest renforcing preventive actions to balance cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension and diabetes.

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Child treatment diagnosis surgery prognosis Tunisia Children Crohn’s disease Breast cancer screening Cancer epidemiology Ulcerative colitis obesity Risk factors
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