La tunisie Medicale - 2020 ; Vol 98 ( n°012 ) : 967-971
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Summary
Surgical procedures for benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) had considerably evolved during last decades. New techniques can nowadays treat prostate big in size, which are classically treated by open prostatectomy (OP). Therefore, the place of this procedure that has been used for over 150 years is nowadays questioned. Is it outdated? Is there emerging techniques that are more efficient, safer and cost effective? This state of the art based on literature review will assess the place of OP in BPH surgery from efficacy on functional outcomes, security, competitiveness with modern and minimally invasive techniques and socio-economic perspectives. Currently, OP has excellent functional outcomes, with low rate of retreatment after surgery, low morbidity and affordable cost in our country. It remains competitive with new surgery techniques for BPH, even if the latter offer the advantages of a minimally invasive surgery, especially in hospitalization length. Taking in consideration the social and economic context in Tunisia, it remains the most accessible and affordable surgical technique. Besides, OP is a procedure that has to be handled by every urologist given the theoretical risk of conversion during endoscopic surgery of BPH, and its use under certain circumstances (In case of bladder lithiasis ou diverticle or impossibility of lithotomy position).
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Child treatment diagnosis surgery prognosis Tunisia Children Crohn’s disease Breast cancer screening Cancer epidemiology Ulcerative colitis tuberculosis Risk factors
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