La tunisie Medicale - 2021 ; Vol 99 ( n°04 ) : 416-422
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Summary

Abstract
Background :Silent strokes are damagesof brain not accompanied by symptoms suggestive of stroke. Currentepidemiological trends suggesttheirindependent association with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, this association is not yetwelldefined.
Aim :To assess the prevalence of silent stroke in AF and determine itspredictivefactors.
Methods :We carried out a cross-sectional study enrolling 37 patients followed for non-valvular AF in the cardiologydepartment. All participants had a clinicalevaluation and brain MRI.
Results :The mean age was 66 ± 7 yearswith asex ratio (M / F) of 0.76. The mostcommon class of AF was the persistent form (70%). Oral anticoagulant therapywasprescribedin 32 patients (94.1%). Silent strokewerereported in 9 patients (24.3%).
Age ≥72 years and CHA2DS2VASc score ≥ 4 weresignificantlyassociatedwith silent strokes in the univariate study withsensitivities of 77.8% and 62.5% respectively and specificities of 78.6% and 92.3% respectively. In the multivariate study, only CHA2DS2VASc score ≥ 4 wasconsidered to be an independentpredictor of silent stroke in AF (p = 0.004; adjusted OR = 20; CI95%: 2.6-152.6).
Conclusions :Our resultsregarding the association between silent strokesand AF confirmedpreviousevidence. Screening for theselesions in AF patients at high thromboembolicriskappears to be a relevant approachgiventheirpoorprognosis.

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