La tunisie Medicale - 2021 ; Vol 99 ( n°04 ) : 449-455
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Summary

Abstract :
Background: the role of hepatitis C virus in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic disease has been suggested by several studies.  We aimed to assess the association between subclinical carotid atherosclerosis and chronic hepatitis C .
Methods: 40 patients infected with chronic hepatitis C  and 40 contol  cases were evaluated  by anthropometric and metabolic measurements .The risk of subclinical atherosclerosis was assessed by ultrasound measurement of carotid intima-media thickness .  A high cardiovascular risk atherosclerosis  was defined  by carotid intima-media thickness > 75th percentile.
Results: The carotid intima-media thickness and the prevalence of high cardiovascular risk atherosclerosis were significantly higher in the group infected with hepatitis C compared to the control group (0.68 VS 0.60, p = 0.02) and ( 82.5% vs. 40%; 0.001) respectively. In multivariate studies, activity ≥ A2 and age> 40 years were the independent factors associated with the carotid intima-media thickness and hepatitis C was the only independent factor associated with high cardiovascular risk atherosclerosis  (OR = 4.81 CI at 95%: 1.6-14.42).
Conclusions : In our study , chronic hepatitic C was associated with a high risk of carotid atherosclerosis .

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treatment Child diagnosis surgery prognosis Tunisia Children Crohn’s disease Breast cancer screening Cancer epidemiology Ulcerative colitis Risk factors prevention
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